History of Slot Machines
Slot machines date back to the late 19th Century where Charles August Fey first designed a game machine he called, Liberty Bell. The original game was an adaptation of draw poker, a game that was incredibly popular at the time.
However, it was a game that could be quite complicated, so it was Fey’s idea to make it a lot easier to follow and in turn, play. The game was reduced to just three drums (reels) and then winning combinations would include three of the Liberty Bells all falling on one line.
The game took off with almost immediate effect. By the early 20th Century there were hundreds of games all around the world, with other manufacturers creating their version of Fey’s initiative.
Features of the games started to adapt and develop, with the inclusion of fruit symbols, more winning combinations and even jackpots by 1916. The American Prohibition (1920-33) saw these games grow even more in terms of popularity.
By the early sixties, the games were starting to take advantage of advancements in technology and switched from mechanical to electronic machines. Games were able to work on their own, removing the need for attendants to pay out jackpot wins as they gradually became more independent.Slot machines have evolved drastically over the years (Credit: Alamy)
Video slots came about in the late seventies and, with this advancement, a new breed of games emerged. Developers like Bally, who owned 90% of slot machines at the time, created games that were more interactive and allowed developers to create themes based on the games.
As the internet started to influence the world as we knew it in the early nineties, only slots shifted from land-based casinos to online. Microgaming is credited with making the first online slot in 1994 and is still widely regarded as the biggest slots developer in the world.
Slot games are now highly polished and incredibly diverse. There are thousands to choose from, and hundreds of different themes, bonuses, paylines and features to make them stand out.
How does a Mechanical Slot Work?
A mechanical slot might look very different to an online one, but they work in much the same way. The mechanical slot has a random number generator and a virtual reel that is attached to the game. The virtual reel has more combinations than you see symbols, which is where it ties in with the random number generator.
Even when the game is not being played, the random number generator still operates. Once the button is pressed, the RNG then spits out a combination which in turn shows the results on the reel.
On older slots, a series of pegs would be included in the machine and as the reels spin, the pegs would fall into place randomly to create a combination. Each reel would then be connected to a plate that, when stopped, would payout real money based on the combination of the reels.
The Difference Between Mechanical and Virtual Slots
Mechanical slots are much more limited than virtual slots. The number of combinations that it could create from its 3-reel setup meant that the games could only do so much in terms of spinning and then offering up a combination of symbols.
Virtual slots can take advantage of a much more advanced random number generator. This in turn allows games to include more reels, more symbols, more paylines and a much more diverse range of games as a result. With virtual or online slots the chances of landing some free spins is far higher and, while mechanical slots can have this functionality, it would be pretty rare
The Random Number Generator
The Random Number Generator (RNG) is an integral part of any slot machine. This is a computer that creates a set of random numbers which in turn, are then turned into combinations.
Trying to work out the math behind these things is highly complex. But what we can say is that with each comes an algorithm that makes the combinations random. It takes what is known as seed numbers and then does multiple calculations with that number to create a random number.
All virtual slots come with an RNG and these are tested by independent regulatory bodies to make sure they are both true and fair.
Jackpots – Mechanical vs Virtual
Jackpot games are the most popular slots for both mechanical games and virtual. The principle of each is the same; you need to get the least common combination of symbols to trigger the biggest prize.
They do work a little differently though. Mechanical games are limited in terms of the jackpot they can payout. This is mainly based on the number of spins or players that it will see over some time, in that, it’s much lower than virtual slots.
Virtual slots can see more players in a day than a mechanical game might see in a year. As a result, they make more money and so can pay out larger jackpots, whilst still making a profit.
Progressive jackpots are a good example of this. These are games where the player contributes to the jackpot with each spin they make, meaning that it grows quickly.
What makes them the biggest games in the industry is that they can run across multiple casinos. This means that the same jackpot can be played, contributed to and then won by thousands of players across dozens of online casinos.